Research at HMNTL is organized around four integrated themes.
Optoelectronics and Microelectronics
The Optoelectronics and Nanophotonics area is focused on the conceptualization, design, fabrication, and testing of optoelectronic devices, integrated photonics systems, components, and systems for lightwave communications, solid-state lighting, infrared imaging, video display, solar power, and optical interconnects.
BioNanotechnology and Nanomedicine
The Nanomedicine and Bionanotechnology area uses the various technologies developed in materials, nanofabrication, devices, and M/NEMS to study and solve biological and medical problems. High sensitivity disease diagnostics using optical/electronic “chips”; development of new tools for understanding the function of cancer cells, stem cells and neurons; photonic crystals for label-free biological detection; integrated biochips for label-free electrical detection of DNA and proteins; semiconductor quantum dot nanoparticles for quantitative biomedical imaging; engineered systems built with live cells; and integration of biosensing with mobile communications platforms are examples of research activities being carried out.
Integrated Devices and Systems
The Micro and Nanoelectromechanical M/NEMS Integrated Systems area is developing micromachining methods for a variety of materials such as silicon, compound semiconductors, silicon carbide, piezoelectric films, and polymers to enable applications in many interdisciplinary areas, including wireless communications (VHF to sub-THz frequencies), optoelectronics, imaging, and biomedical engineering.
Quantum Nanoelectronics and Nanophotonics
The Micro and Nanoelectronics area includes the design and fabrication of 'end-of-the-roadmap' electronic devices such as two-dimensional materials for flexible electronics, GHz analog-to-digital converters for advanced wireless communication systems, and THz transistors.