The facilities at MNTL are utilized for the following four overlapping and integrated research thrusts shown above. The integrated research programs of Optoelectronics and Nanophotonics area are focused on the conceptualization, design, fabrication, and testing of optoelectronic devices, photonics systems, components, and systems for lightwave communications and optical interconnects. The activities of the Micro and Nanoelectronics area include the design and fabrication of 'end-of-the-roadmap' electronic devices such as carbon nanotube and graphene based FET's and state-of-the-art, low-power RF and microwave monolithic devices and integrated circuits (MMICs), and GHz analog-to-digital converters for advanced wireless communication systems. The Micro and Nanoelectromechanical Integrated Systems area focuses on the development of micromachining methods for a variety of materials such as silicon, gallium arsenide, silicon carbide, and polymers to enable applications in many interdisciplinary areas, including wireless communications, optoelectronics, and biomedical engineering. The Nanobiotechnology and Nanomedicine area focuses on utilizing the various technologies developed in materials, nanofabrication, devices, and MEMS to study and solve biological and medical problems. Biomolecular flow patterns in nanoscale channels, integration of lasers onto biochips for real-time fluorescence study of bioreactions, photonic crystals for label free biological detection, integrated biochips for label free electrical detection of DNA and proteins, and implantation of active devices in cells to study cellular biochemistry, are examples of research activities being carried out.
In addition to the above 4 experimental thrusts, we have a strong effort in computational nanoscience and technology within MNTL. We have forged stronger links to the world class computational nanotechnology research efforts housed in The Beckman Institute and the NCSA. The NcN/Nanohub now has a shared office in MNTL, in addition to recent computational faculty hires who also have their primary residence in MNTL.